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Monday, 20 September 2010

List of Tenses / Lista de tiempos verbales


Sancho

I'm reviewing my little list of tenses to see if there is something wrong with it. Is there?

Estoy revisando mi pequeña lista de tiempos verbales por si tiene algún error. ¿Lo tiene?


Present Simple   
Habit, routine. She plays tennis every day.
General truth, scientific fact. It rains here in Autumn.
Stative verbs. This rose smells sweet.

Present Continuous
Action happening now. I am having a shower right now.
Temporary action. We are learning to fish at camp.
Definite plan for the future. I´m having dinner with Bill tonight.

Past Simple
Action completed in the past. Sam cleaned his room yesterday.

Past Continuous
Incomplete action in progress at a specific time in the past. At midnight, I was sleeping.
Incomplete action interrupted by another action. I was washing my hair when the phone rang.
Two incomplete actions happening at the same time in the past. He was washing while she was ironing.

Present Perfect Simple
Action that began in the past and continues in the present. Beth has lived in Madrid since 1999.
Action that took place at an undetermined time in the past but is important in the present.
You needn´t cook. I have just had breakfast.

Past Perfect Simple
Completed action that took place before another action in the past.
The plane had already left when I got to the airport.

Future Simple
Predictions. You´re too tired to drive. You will have an accident.
Timetables. The football game will begin at six o´clock.
Spontaneous decisions. There is no coffee left. I will drink tea.

Be going to
Plan for the future. I am going to visit Alice this weekend.
Action about to happen. Stop! You are going to fall!

Present Continuous as Future
Actions planned to happen in the near future. We are moving to Liverpool next month.

Future Perfect
Action  that will be completed at a certain future time. John will have finished his book by November.

Future Continuous
Action in progress at a certain time in the future. At this time tomorrow, I will be taking a test.

Present Perfect Continuous
Action that began in the past but still continues in the present. She has been dieting for three months.
Action that happened in the past but has results that are still important or evident. I have been working in the garden and I´m covered with mud. I need  to have a shower.
Past Perfect Continuous
Action that continued until something else happened and put a stop to it.
Sybil had been running when she had the heart attack.

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